Lesson 1

일 과

(Lesson 1)

Hangul Alphabets and the Sounds

 

Listen to the sounds for each consonant and vowel while looking at the tables below. Look at the way the consonants and vowels are written.   

How to Write Korean Letters Video

자음 (Consonants):

 

Simple consonants
/g/

/n/

/d/

/r/

/m/

/b/

/s/

/ŋ/

/j/

 

Aspirated Consonants

/ch/

/k/

/t/

/p/

/h/

Tense

Consonants

/kk/

/tt/

/pp/

/ss/

/zz/

 

Note: The consonant ‘ㅇ’ is silent when used as an initial syllable. However, when used as a final consonant (called “Batchim”), ‘ㅇ’ is pronounced with an /-ng/ sound.

 

모음 (Vowels):

 

 Simple Vowels

/a/

/Λ/

 

/o/

/u/

/Ŭ/

/i/

/e/

/e/

Y + vowel

 

 

 

/ya/

/yΛ/

/yo/

 

/yu/

/ye/

/ye/

W + vowel

 

 

/wa/

 

/we/

/we/

 

/wΛ//

/we/

/wi/

 Reading Practice:

Use the consonants and vowels that you have learned so far to read the following words.  Audio for the following words is below.

1)지도 map            2) 아버지 father        3) 어머니 mother

4) 가지 eggplant   5) 비 rain                    6) 포도  grape

7) 바다 sea             8) 나무 tree                9) 우비 raincoat

10) 소리 sound       11) 차 tea/ car          12) 소 cow

13) 주소 address      14) 하나 one           15) 미소 smile

16) 노래 song          17) 파티 party           18) 드라마 drama

 

 Note: The consonant ‘ㅇ’ is silent when used as an initial syllable. However, when used as a final consonant (called “Batchim”), ‘ㅇ’ is pronounced with an /-ng/ sound.