Lesson 2

이 과 (Lesson 2)

Syllable-Block Building

 

Hangul letters are combined into square syllable blocks. Each block must have one initial consonant position (C) followed by 1-2 vowels.

The vowels (V) may be placed next to and/or below the initial consonant.

Ex) ㄱ + ㅏ= 가,       ㄱ + ㅜ= 구

One or two consonants may be placed in the final consonant (Bat’chim) position (C).

Ex) 

 

 ㄱ

 

 

 

If a syllable doesn’t have an initial consonant, the syllable block must use the silent ‘ㅇ’ in the initial consonant position (ex: 안 /ahn/  or  위 /wi/ ).

1) Vowels that are one or two long vertical strokes (ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅣ ㅐ ㅔ ㅒ ㅖ) are placed to the right of the initial consonant.

C V: examples: 나  (ㄴ +ㅏ),  이 (ㅇ+ㅣ), 해  (ㅎ + ㅐ),

   계 (ㄱ + ㅖ), 따 (ㄸ + ㅏ)

2) Vowels that are a long horizontal stroke (ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ) are placed below the initial consonant.

 C

 V    : examples: 드 (ㄷ + ㅡ), 무 (ㅁ + ㅜ), 토  (ㅌ + ㅗ),

                              유 (ㅇ + ㅠ),  쑤 (ㅆ + ㅜ)

3)  The consonant attached to the bottom of a syllable is called the ‘Batchim’.

C

V        : examples: 금    (ㄱ + ㅡ + ㅁ)

C

Reading Practice (double consonants + double vowels)

 


1) 여기 here          2) 새 bird                  3) 표지 sign

4) 짜요 salty         5) 차례 order           6) 재미 fun

7) 따스해요 warm  8) 매워요 spicy   9) 피로 fatigue

10) 싸요 cheap      11) 펴요 to open    12) 써요 bitter

13) 하예요 white   14) 커요 tall/large  15) 코 nose

16) 지위 social position  17) 태워요to burn

18) 꺼요 turn off (light)     19) 뜨거워요 hot (things)

20) 우유 milk     21) 따라가요 to follow someone

22) 토끼rabbits  23) 이야기story    24) 요리해요 cook

25) 써요 to wear hats   26) 의자 chair  27) 위 stomach

 

Listening Practice  

A. Listen carefully and circle the syllables you hear.

1. 나, 다           2. 카, 까         3. 구, 그

4. 기, 가          5. 고, 구         6. 더, 다

7. 두, 드          8. 다, 도       9. 나, 너, 노

10. 무, 마, 모   11. 누, 느, 나   12. 다, 두, 디

13. 바지, 마지  14. 자요, 짜요  15. 고기, 거기

16. 끄다, 끼다   17. 가지, 가시  18. 사요, 싸요

19. 이사, 이자    20. 나비, 다비

B. Listen and write down the syllables.

 

  1. _______________________
  2. _______________________
  3. _______________________
  4. _______________________
  5. _______________________
  6. _______________________
  7. _______________________
  8. _______________________
  9. _______________________
  10. _______________________

 

사과

사과

바나나

오이

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