Lesson 3

삼 과 (Lesson 3)

받침(Final Consonants)

    • The consonant attached to the bottom of a syllable is called the “Batchim”.
    • Although all consonants can be used as a “Batchim”, the sound of the “Batchim” is based on the 7 following consonants:  ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ,ㅂ,ㅇ
    • The “Batchim” is written at the bottom of the word.
    • ㄱ.ㄲ.ㅋ →  /-k / : ex) 막. 깎. 부엌
    • ㄴ →  / -n /: ex) 안
    • ㄷ.ㅅ.ㅆ.ㅉ.ㅊ.ㅌ.ㅎ → / -t /: ex) 곧. 곳에. 샀다. 낮. 다. 같아요. 쌓아요
    • ㄹ → / -l / or/ -r/:

 1) /l/: When the consonant  ‘ㄹ’  is used as a “Batchim,” it is pronounced as an /L/.

Ex) 달  [dal]: moon,   할머니[halmoni]: grandma,  돌 [dol: rock, stone]

2) /r/: When the consonant ‘ㄹ’ is used as an initial syllable, it is  pronounced as an /r/.

Ex. 다리 [dari]: legs/ bridge, 소리 [sori]: sound

      • ㅁ→  / -m /: ex) 곰
      • ㅂ.ㅍ →/ -p  /: ex)  답, 갚다
      • ㅇ → / -ng /: ex) 강 (*note: the consonant ‘ㅇ’ is silent when used as an initial syllable, but when used as a “Batchim,” it is pronounced as an /-ng/).

 

읽기 연습 (Reading Practice)   


      1. 사랑 love
      2. 컴퓨터 computer
      3. 학교 school
      4. 체육관 gym
      5. 대학교 university
      6. 남편 husband
      7. 공책 notebook
      8. 비행기 airplane
      9. 얼굴 face
      10. 자동차 car
      11. 창문 window
      12. 태권도 Taekwondo
      13. 한국어 Korean language
      14. 화장실 bathroom
      15. 할머니 grandma
      16. 컴퓨터 computer
      17. 카카오톡 Kakaotalk
      18. 백화점 department store
      19. 문자 text
      20. 언니 older sister     

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