사 과 (Lesson 4)
발음 규칙 (Pronunciation Rules)
1) Moving a Consonant to the Next Syllable (Liaison)
When a vowel (아,어,이…) follows a word with “Batchim,” the Batchim sound naturally connects with the vowel. For example, the phrase, ‘집이’, is pronounced as ‘지비.’ In other words, the Batchim sound of ‘집’ (‘ㅂ’) moves to ‘이’. This happens because the consonant ‘ㅇ’ in ‘이’ is used as an initial syllable in order to aid pronunciation. This rule only applies when pronouncing a word; not when writing it.
집에: 집 + 에 → 지베
한국어: 한국 +어 → 한구거
중국어: 중국 + 어→ 중구거
- 밤에→ 바메
- 선생님이→ _____________________
- 선물이→ _______________________
- 앞에 → ________________________
- 마음이→ _______________________
- 겨울에→ _______________________
Spoken Korean is generally mono-tone. The only exception is the raising of tone at the end of a sentence in order to make it a question.
이 분은 선생님입니다. This [person] is a teacher – monotone
이분은 선생님 입니까? Is this [person] a teacher? – raise in tone at the sentence end
3) ㄴ to ㄹ assimilation
When the Batchim ㄴ is followed by the consonant ㄹ, the ㄴ sound in the Batchim is usually replaced by the ㄹ sound, as in 진리→ 질리, 논리→ 놀리.
When the consonants ㅂ, ㄷ, ㅈ, ㄱ, and ㅅ are used as Batchim and are followed by a word with a different consonant, the end consonant is pronounced as a strong consonant.
For example, when pronouncing the word ‘학교’ by separating the syllables, it is pronounced ‘학’ + ‘교’. But when you combine the syllables, the pronunciation becomes, ‘학꾜’.
- 업다 -> 업따
- 학교 -> 학꾜
- 합장 -> 합짱
5) Double Consonant Reduction
When a “double batchim” (ex: 값, 앉) is followed by a vowel (such as 이/아/어/오…), usually, the second batchim becomes connected to the vowel.
‘값이’ (값 + 이) is pronounced as ‘갑시’
‘앉아요’ (앉 + 아요) is pronounced as ‘안자요’.
여기에 앉아요. → [여기에 안자요] Please sit here.
I. Write the following words in the way that they would be naturally pronounced.
같아요 → ____________
II. Read the flyer that the teacher gives you out loud with the person sitting next to you.
A. Listen carefully and circle the syllables you hear.
- 가구점, 고기점
- 기관지, 기당지
- 고향이, 고양이
- 고모님, 노모님
- 때리다, 다리다
- 두드리다, 두들기다
- 다정한, 단정한
B. Listen and write down the syllables.